Studi Literatur Senyawa Steroidal Saponin dari Genus Dracaena

Mia Rosmiati, Indra Topik Maulana, Livia Syafnir

Abstract


ABSTRACT: The Genus dracaena are known by a variety of uses of each tradition can be used as a treatment and ornamental plants in the room for an air purifier, have a secondary metabolite compounds. Dracaena is known to be rich in compounds of steroidal saponins which have pharmacological activity. This literature study aims to find out the compounds of steroidal saponins that exist in some the genus dracaena and to know the differences of the structure of the compounds of each genus dracaena which affect the physicochemical properties and activities. This literature study using a research journal that performs insulation, collected about 8 of the genus dracaena which have compounds of steroidal saponins. The results of this research, there are compounds of steroidal saponins with different structures, as well as having pharmacological activity including anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative and cytotoxic properties have

Keywords: Dracaena, steroidal saponin, pharmacological  activity

ABSTRAK: Genus dracaena dikenal dengan berbagai kegunaan disetiap tradisi dapat digunakan sebagai pengobatan dan tanaman hias dalam ruangan untuk pembersih udara, memiliki senyawa metabolit sekunder. Dracaena ini dikenal kaya akan senyawa steroidal saponin yang memiliki aktivitas farmakologi. Studi literatur ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui senyawa steroidal saponin yang ada pada beberapa genus dracaena dan untuk mengetahui perbedaan dari struktur senyawa dari setiap genus dracaena yang mempengaruhi sifat fisikokimia maupun aktivitasnya. Studi literatur ini menggunakan jurnal penelitian yang melakukan isolasi, terkumpul sekitar 8 genus dracaena yang memiliki senyawa steroidal saponin. Hasil dari penelitian ini terdapat senyawa steroidal saponin dengan struktur yang berbeda, serta memiliki aktivitas farmakologi termasuk antiinflamasi, antiproliferatif dan memiliki sifat sitotoksik.

Kata kunci: Dracaena, steroidal saponin, aktivitas farmakologi


Keywords


Dracaena, steroidal saponin, aktivitas farmakologi

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29313/.v0i0.29926

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