Studi Literatur Aktivitas Antibakteri beberapa Tanaman dari Famili Rosacea terhadap Bakteri Gram Positif dan Gram Negatif Penyebab Penyakit Infeksi

Laila Sa'adatul Fitri, Lanny Mulqie, Siti Hazar

Abstract


Abstract:  Infectious diseases are diseases that can be caused by microorganisms such as viruses, parasites, bacteria, and fungi. Microorganisms that can cause disease in humans are pathogenic, one of which is pathogenic bacteria. Several studies have shown that some plants from the Rosaceae family have an antibacterial activity such as Fragaria vesca L. (strawberry), Malus Sylvestris L. Mill. (manalagi apple), Prunus spinosa L. (plum), Prunus dulcis L. (almond), and Rubus fruticosus L. (blackberry). The purpose of this literature study is to find out how the antibacterial activity and chemical compounds of several plants of the Rosaceae family can inhibit the growth of gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria that cause infectious diseases. The research was conducted by conducting a literature study of several research results that have been published both nationally and internationally from several research database sources. The results of the literature study showed that several plants from the Rosaceae family had antibacterial activity on gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria which were categorized as moderate to very strong. Compounds that have the potential to have antibacterial activity from plants of the Rosaceae family against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria are flavonoids, polyphenols, anthocyanins, quercetin, catechins, alkaloids, tannins, and saponins.

Keywords: Rosaceae family, antibacterial, zone of inhibition, chemical compounds

Abstrak: Penyakit infeksi merupakan penyakit yang dapat disebabkan oleh mikroorganisme seperti virus, parasit, bakteri, dan jamur. Mikroorganisme yang dapat menimbulkan penyakit pada manusia adalah mikroorganisme yang bersifat patogen, salah satunya yaitu bakteri patogen. Beberapa penelitian yang telah dilakukan menunjukan bahwa beberapa tanaman dari famili Rosaceae memiliki aktivitas antibakteri seperti pada tanaman Fragaria vesca L. (stroberi), Malus Sylvestris L. Mill. (apel manalagi), Prunus spinosa  L. (plum), Prunus dulcis L. (almond), dan Rubus fruticosus L. (blackberry). Tujuan dari studi literatur ini yaitu untuk mengetahui bagaimana aktivitas antibakteri dan senyawa kimia dari beberapa tanaman famili rosaceae dapat menghambat pertumbuhan bakteri gram negatif dan gram positif penyebab penyakit infeksi. Penelitian dilakukan dengan melakukan studi pustaka dari beberapa hasil penelitian yang telah dipublikasi baik secara nasional maupun internasional dari beberapa sumber database penelitian. Hasil studi literatur menunjukan bahwa dari beberapa tanaman famili rosaceae memiliki aktivitas antibakteri pada bakteri gram positif dan gram negatif yang termasuk kedalam katagori sedang hingga sangat kuat. Senyawa yang berpotensi memiliki aktivitas antibakteri dari tanaman famili rosaceae terhadap bakteri gram positif dan gram negatif yaitu flavonid, polifenol, antosianin, kuarsetin, katetin, alkaloid, tannin, dan saponin.

Kata Kunci: Famili rosaceae, antibakteri, zona hambat, senyawa kimia


Keywords


Famili rosaceae, antibakteri, zona hambat, senyawa kimia

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29313/.v0i0.30720

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