Kajian Pustaka Uji Aktivitas Antibakteri Tanaman Suku Zingiberaceae dan Sediaan Mikroemulsinya terhadap Bakteri Penyebab Bau Badan Staphylococcus epidermidis

Tassa Fandini, Anggi Arumsari, Gita Cahya Eka Darma

Abstract


ABSTRACT: Body odor is caused by excessive sweat production mixed with bacteria. One of the bacteria that causes body odor is Staphylococcus epidermidis.  Staphylococcus epidermidis is a Gram-positive bacteria commonly present in human skin that has generally been resistant to penicillin and methylcillin antibiotics. One alternative natural ingredient that can be used to overcome body odor bacteria is uses Zingiberaceae. The research method is to search various relevant libraries that have been published within 2010-202. The purpose of this study is to determine the antibacterial activity in some plant extracts of Zingiberaceae, including the  Zingiber officinale, Curcuma longa, Boesenbergia rotunda, and Curcuma xanthorrhiza in inhibiting  Staphylococcus epidermidi;  and  preparation and evaluation of microemulsion contains  Zingiber officinale and Alpinia galanga extracts. Antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus epidermidis using 10% ethanol extract on each plant. The best antibacterial activity seen from the MIC value was the Zingiber officinale ethanol extract; while the best microemulsion is nonionic surfactant, seen from the size of the particles formed due to the addition of surfactants and cosurfactants.

Keywords: Family Zingiberaceae, Zingiber officinale, Curcuma longa, Boesenbergia rotunda, Curcuma xanthorrhiza, dan Alpinia galanga, Staphylococcus epidermidis, KHM, mikroemulsion

ABSTRAK: Bau badan disebabkan oleh produksi keringat yang berlebihan yang bercampur dengan bakteri. Salah satu bakteri yang menyebabkan bau badan yaitu Staphylococcus epidermidis. Staphylococcus epidermidis merupakan bakteri Gram positif yang biasanya ada pada kulit manusia yang umumnya telah resisten terhadap antibiotik penisilin dan metisilin. Salah satu alternatif bahan alami yang dapat digunakan untuk mengatasi bakteri bau badan adalah penggunaan tanaman suku Zingiberaceae. Metode penelitian yang dilakukan yaitu dengan melakukan penelusuran berbagai pustaka yang relevan yang telah dipublikasikan pada rentang tahun 2010-2021. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui aktivitas antibakteri pada beberapa ekstrak tanaman suku Zingiberaceae yaitu diantaranya tanaman Zingiber officinale, Curcuma longa, Boesenbergia rotunda, dan Curcuma xanthorrhiza dalam menghambat pertumbuhan bakteri Staphylococcus epidermidis serta pembuatan dan evaluasi sediaan mikroemulsi yang menggunakan tanaman Zingiber officinale dan Alpinia galanga. Penelusuran pustaka uji aktivitas antibakteri terhadap bakteri Staphylococcus epidermidis menggunakan ekstrak etanol 10% pada setiap tanaman. Aktivitas antibakteri terbaik dilihat dari nilai KHM yaitu ekstrak etanol Zingiber officinale; sedangkan mikroemulsi terbaik diliat dari ukuran partikel yang terbentuk yang disebabkan karena penambahan surfaktan dan kosurfaktan, yaitu jenis surfaktan nonionik. 

Kata Kunci: Suku Zingiberaceae, Zingiber officinale, Curcuma longa, Boesenbergia rotunda, Curcuma xanthorrhiza, dan Alpinia galanga, Staphylococcus epidermidis, KHM, mikroemulsi.


Keywords


Suku Zingiberaceae, Zingiber officinale, Curcuma longa, Boesenbergia rotunda, Curcuma xanthorrhiza, dan Alpinia galanga, Staphylococcus epidermidis, KHM, mikroemulsi.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29313/.v0i0.30475

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