Hubungan Lamanya Paparan Sistem Pembelajaran Problem Based Learning dengan Kemampuan Metakognitif Mahasiswa Program Pendidikan Sarjana Kedokteran FK Unisba

Putriayu Puspita Jayanti, Mia Kusmiati, Ratna Dewi Indi Astuti

Abstract


Abstract: The process of medical education has a high standard of competence to create professional and competent graduates. The most recent learning method which is effective to attain this standard of competence is Problem Based Learning. Problem Based Learning is a learning method which could enhance metacognitive skill. Metacognitive refers to learner’s automatic awareness of their own knowledge and their ability to understand, control, and manipulate their cognitive process. The aim of this research is to analyze the relationship between the duration of exposure time of PBL system and metacognitive skill at pre-clinical students of Medical Faculty Bandung Islamic University academic year 2015/2016.The design of this research was correlative analytic survey using cross sectional study method. The subjects of this research were pre-clinical students of Medical Faculty Bandung Islamic University academic year 2015/2016. Two hundred and fifty eight students completed survey by using Metacognitive Awareness Inventory (MAI) questionnaires with stratified random sampling method. The result showed that 158 (61,2%) students have moderate metacognitive skill, 100 (38,8%) students have high metacognitive skill, and no one has low metacognitive skill, this result showed that students using PBL learning method have a good metacognitive skill. Based on chi square test, it was found that p-value was 0,321 (>0,005) which means there were no differences found in the result of metacognitive score between first, second, third, and fourth grades. Thus, there were no relationships between the duration of exposure time of PBL learning method and metacognitive skill of pre-clinical students of Medical Faculty Bandung Islamic University academic year 2015/2016. 

Abstrak: Proses pendidikan dokter memiliki standar kompetensi yang tinggi untuk menghasilkan lulusan dokter yang profesional dan kompeten. Metode pembelajaran saat ini yang dianggap efektif untuk memenuhi standar kompetensi tersebut adalah Problem Based Learning (PBL). Problem Based Learning  merupakan metode pembelajaran yang dapat meningkatkan kemampuan metakognitif. Metakognitif merupakan kemampuan seseorang dalam memahami, mengontrol, dan memanipulasi proses kognitifnya. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis hubungan antara lamanya paparan sistem pembelajaran PBL dengan kemampuan metakognitif mahasiswa Program Pendidikan Sarjana Kedokteran (PPSK) Fakultas Kedokteran Unisba tahun akademik 2015/2016. Penelitian ini merupakan survei analitik korelatif dengan metode studi cross sectional. Subjek penelitian merupakan mahasiswa PPSK Fakultas Kedokteran Unisba tahun akademik 2015/2016. Penelitian dilakukan dengan cara menganalisis hasil kuesioner Metacognitive Awareness Inventory (MAI) 258 mahasiswa, yang dipilih secara stratified random sampling . Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 158 (61,2%) mahasiswa memiliki kemampuan metakognitif sedang, 100 (38,8%) mahasiswa memiliki kemampuan metakognitif tinggi dan tidak ada yang memiliki kemampuan metakognitif rendah, hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa siswa yang menggunakan metode pembelajaran PBL memiliki kemampuan metakognitif yang baik. Berdasarkan uji Chi-square didapatkan p-value sebesar 0,321 ( > 0,005) yang berarti tidak ada perbedaan kemampuan metakognitif antara mahasiswa tingkat I, tingkat II, tingkat III, dan tingkat IV. Dengan demikian disimpulkan tidak ada hubungan lamanya paparan sistem pembelajaran PBL dengan kemampuan metakognitif mahasiswa PPSK FK Unisba tahun akademik 2015/2016.


Keywords


Metacognitive, MAI, PBL Exposure, PBL

References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29313/kedokteran.v0i0.4818

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