Preservation of Traditional Settlement in the Indigenous Village of Sukawana, Kintamani District of Bangli Regency of Bali Province

Regga Nabilia Dewi, Hilwati Hindersah

Abstract


The Indigenous Village of Sukawana is a traditional settlement of the Bali Aga tribe that still exists today. Bali Aga is a native of Bali who have been there before the time of Majapahit in Bali. In general, the Bali Aga people live in the highlands of the island of Bali, in the mountainous area. Bali Aga has typical characteristics of traditional settlements and some unique traditions, such as ngaben cremation. Bali Aga and other Bali communities have not significant difference. As the modern development, there should be efforts to preserve traditional settlements so that that no loss of characteristic of the traditional village. In Sukawana, nearly 80% of the traditional houses have been turned into modern buildings. The building types, structures, and materials has started the current modernization. The purpose of this final project is the preservation of traditional settlements of Bali Aga that have existed since the time of Majapahit. The method used in this final project is a qualitative descriptive approach with primary and secondary data collection. Data analysis included analysis of the values of Indigenous Bali Aga religion, social, cultural, residential patterns, settlement patterns characteristics of traditional home, and changes of traditional settlement. The results show that the concept of preservation of the Indigenous Village of Sukawana uses physical and non-physical preservation. The concept of physical preservation includes the concept of preservation, conservation, and rehabilitation by maintaining traditional buildings that are still there and maintaining the function of the traditional houses, a way of keeping traditional houses as well as restoring the aesthetic value of traditional settlement that has begun to decline. The non-physical preservation concerns the economic aspects to see the potential of the Village, which includes Tourism, Plantation, and Livestock, cultural aspects and customs that had been there, as well as the legal aspects of maintaining awig-awig and strengthen the existing customary rules. Directives of preservation uses conservation directives. Somewhere, maintenance activities is undertaken to maintain the cultural value to facilitate the original activities. Preservation also performs as a preservation of the built environment in order to remain in its original condition and to prevent damage. The non-physical concerns the economic aspects, with tax incentives, levies, and providing subsidies. The social aspect is to prepare human resources, awards, their education about the importance of preservation of settlements and to foster social and cultural life, as well as customs of Sukawana. The legal aspects deals with legal protection, the establishment of a special permits enforcement of the building, the zoning, home ownership, and improvement of the awig-awig of Sukawana.

Keywords


Traditional Settlement, the Indigenous Village, Preservation, Bali Aga

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29313/pwk.v0i0.2470

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