Hubungan Perceived Social Support Dengan Psychological Well-Being Pada Korban Kekerasan Dalam Berpacaran Di Kota Bandung

Mariskha Bianka Indirayani, Ria Dewi Eryani

Abstract


Dating violence is a serious social phenomenon among adolescents and young adults. According to the Komnas Perempuan (CATAHU 2019), the biggest impact of the problem of dating violence is the psychological and welfare problems felt by the victim, namely negative feelings such as anxiety, fear, withdrawal from the environment, and feeling less confident. This research was conducted on the basis of the gap between theory and results in the field where most of the victims of dating violence had high psychological well-being. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between perceived social support and psychological well-being of victims of dating violence. The method used in this study is correlational with purposive sampling technique, namely 100 victims of dating violence aged 19-24 years in the city of Bandung. The results showed that the relationship between Perceived Social Support and Psychological Well-Being correlated with r = 0.712 and p <0.05, which means that the higher the Perceived Social Support you have, the higher your Psychological Well-Being.

Kekerasan dalam pacaran (KDP) merupakan fenomena sosial yang cukup serius di kalangan remaja dan dewasa muda. Menurut Catatan Tahunan Komnas Perempuan (CATAHU 2019), dampak terbesar masalah kekerasan dalam pacaran adalah masalah psikologis dan kesejahteraan yang dirasakan oleh korban, yaitu perasaan negatif seperti cemas, takut, menarik diri dari lingkungan, dan merasa kurang percaya diri. Penelitian ini dilakukan atas dasar kesenjangan antara teori dengan hasil di lapangan dimana sebagian besar korban kekerasan dalam berpacaran memiliki psychological well-being yang tinggi. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan perceived social support dengan psychological well-being pada korban kekerasan dalam pacaran. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah korelasional dengan teknik sampling purposive sampling yaitu sebanyak 100 korban kekerasan dalam berpacaran berusia 19-24 tahun di Kota Bandung. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hubungan Perceived Social Support dengan Psychological Well-Being berkorelasi r = 0,712 dan p < 0,05, yang artinya adalah semakin tinggi Perceived Social Support yang dimiliki maka semakin tinggi pula Psychological Well-Being yang dimiliki. 


Keywords


Perceived Social Support, Psychological Well-Being, Kekerasan Dalam Berpacaran, Korban Kekerasan Dalam Berpacaran

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aderson, D.K. (2001). Predicting long-term psychological well-being in women who have left their abusive partners. A Dissertation Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of philosophy in The University of Michigan

Ansara, D.L., & Hindin, J.L. (2011). Psychosocial Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence for Women and Men in Canada. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 26 (8), 1628–1645.

Aprianti, Indah. (2012). Hubungan antara perceived social support dan psychology well being pada mahasiswa perantau tahun pertama di universitas indonesia. Universitas Indonesia, Fakultas Psikologi.

Callahan, R.M., Tolman, R.M., & Saunders. D.G. (2003). Adolescent Dating Violence Victimization and Psychological Well-Being. Journal of Adolescent Research, 18 (2), 664-681.

Chu, P. Sen, Saucier, D. A., & Hafner, E. (2010). Meta-analysis of the relationships between social support and well-being in children and adolescents. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology,29(6),624–645. https://doi.org/10.1521/jscp.2010.29.6.624

DeGenova, M.K. & Rice, F.P. (2008). Intimate relationships, marriages, and families, sixth edition. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Guidi, E., Magnatta, G., & Meringolo, P. (2012). Teen dating violence: The need for early prevention. Progettouguadi.It, (May 2012), 181–196.

Haber, M. G., Cohen, Æ. J. L., Lucas, Æ. T., & Baltes, B. B. (2007). The relationship between self-reported received and perceived social support : A meta-analytic review. 133–144. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10464-007-9100-9

KOMNAS Perempuan. (2019). Korban Bersuara, Data Bicara Sahkan RUU Penghapusan Kekerasan Seksual sebagai Wujud Komitmen Negara: Catatan Kekerasan terhadap Perempuan. Catatan Tahunan Tentang Kekerasan Terhadap Perempuan, 123.

Koopman, C., Ismailji, T., Palesh, O., Gore-Felton, C., Narayanan, A., Saltzman, K.M., Holmes, D., & McGarvey, L.E. (2007). Relationships of Depression to Child and Adult Abuse and Bodily Pain Among Women Who Have Experienced Intimate Partner Violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 22 (4), 438-455.

Lewis, S. F. & Fremouw, W. (2001). Dating Violence: A Critical Review of The Literature. Clinical Psychology Review, 21 (1), 105-127.

Manjorang, A.P. & Aditya, I. (2015).The law of love: Hukum seputar pranikah, pernikahan, dan perceraian di Indonesia. Jakarta: Visimedia.

Murray, C. E. & Kardatzke, K. N. (2007). Dating Violence Among College Students: Key Issues for College Counselors. Journal of College Counseling, 10, 79-89.

Parker, G., & Lee, C. (2007). Relationships Among Abuse Characteristics, Coping Strategies, and Abused Women’s Psychological Health A Path Model. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 22 (9), 1184- 1198.

Ryff, C. (1989). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology: Happiness Is Everything, or Is It? Explorations on the Meaning of Psychological well- being, 57(6), 1069-1081.

Ryff, C. D., & Essex, M. J. (1992). The interpretation of life experience and well- being: The sample case of relocation. Psychology & Aging

Ryff, C.D., & Keyes, L.M. (1995). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology: The Structure of Psychological well-being Revisited. 69(4), 719-727.

Ryff, C. D., Magee, W. J., Kling, K. C., & Wing, E. H. (1999). Forging macro-micro linkages in the study of psychological well-being. In C. D. Ryff & V. W. Marshall (Eds.), The self and society in aging processes (pp. 247-278). New York, NY: Springer.

Taylor, S. E., Sherman, D. K. & Kim, H. S. (2004). Culture and social support: Who seeks it and why?. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 3, 354-362. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.87.3.354.

Wills, T. A. (1985). Stress , Social Support , and the Buffering Hypothesis. 98(2).

Zimet GD, Dahlem NW, Zimet SG, Farley GK (1988). The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Journal of Personality Assessment 1988;52:30- 41




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29313/.v6i2.24683

Flag Counter