Pengaruh Child Maltreatment terhadap Attachment Style pada Korban Kekerasan oleh Pasangan

Yulistiani Pramudita Yuliarso, Indri Utami Sumaryanti


Abstract—Violence against wife is one of the most problem which mostly happen in Indonesia. People whose insecure in attachment are vulnerable for being a victim of violence by a partner.    Attachment has a role of how people communicate with others, self-regulation, and adapting. Attachment style while as a child will tend to be the same as an adult. People who experienced child maltreatment has inscure attachment. The purpose of this research is to find the effect of child maltreatment to attachment style. There are 22 participants. The instruments are Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) which had been translated by Alsarhi, Prevoo, Alink, Mesman, & Judi (2018) and Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ) which had been translated by Fitriana & Fitria (2016). Snowball is used for sampling. Multiple regression analysis shows that child maltreatment doesn’t has effect of attachment style.


Key word: Child Maltreatment, Attachment Style, Violence by Partner


Child Maltreatment, Attachment Style, Korban Kekerasan oleh Pasangan

Full Text:



Andayu, A. A., Rizkyanti, C. A., & Kusumawardhani, S. J. (2019). Peran Insecure Attachment terhadap Kekerasan Psikologis dalam Pacaran pada Perempuan Remaja Akhir. Psympathic : Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi, 6(2), 181–190.

Barbaro, N., Boutwell, B. B., & Shackelford, T. K. (2019). Associations between attachment anxiety and intimate partner violence perpetration and victimization: Consideration of genetic covariation. Personality and Individual Differences, 147(April), 332–343.

Bartholomew, K. (1990). Avoidance of Intimacy: An Attachment Perspective. Journal of Social and Personal Relationship.

Briere, J., Runtz, M., Eadie, E., Bigras, N., & Godbout, N. (2017). Child Abuse & Neglect Disengaged parenting : Structural equation modeling with child abuse , insecure attachment , and adult. Child Abuse & Neglect, 67, 260–270.

Capaldo, M., & Perrella, R. (2018). Child maltreatment: An attachment theory perspective. Mediterranean Journal of Clinical Psychology, 6(1), 1–19.

Clulow, C. (2001). Adult Attachment and Couple Psychotherapy. Taylor & Francis e-Library.

Donramdhani. (2020, Februari 13). InilahKoran. Retrieved from Bandung Raya:

Flair, L. N. La, Bradshaw, C. P., Mendelson, T., & Campbell, J. (2015). Intimate Partner Violence and Risk of Psychiatric Symptoms : the Moderating Role of Attachment.

Fraley, R. C., & Shaver, P. R. (2000). Adult Romantic Attachment: Theoretical Developments, Emerging Controversies, and Unanswered Questions. Review of General Psychology, 4(2), 132–154.

Gillath, O., Karantzas, G. C., & Fraley, R. C. (2016a). How Do Individual Differences in Attachment Develop? In Adult Attachment: A Concise Introduction to Theory and Research (pp. 59–76).

Gillath, O., Karantzas, G. C., & Fraley, R. C. (2016b). What Are the Effects of Context on Attachment? In Adult Attachment: A Concise Introduction to Theory and Research (pp. 193–218).

Irdhanie, I., & Yuniar Cahyanti, I. (2013). Adult Romantic Attachment pada Dewasa Muda yang Mengalami Childhood Abuse. Jurnal Psikologi Klinis Dan Kesehatan Mental, 2(2), 112–124.

Jayani, D. H. (2020, Februari 20). Demografi. Retrieved from Databoks:

Johnson, W. L., Giordano, P. C., Manning, W. D., & Longmore, M. A. (2014). The Age–IPV Curve: Changes in the Perpetration of Intimate Partner Violence During Adolescence and Young Adulthood. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 44(3), 708–726.

Komnas Perempuan. (2020). Kekerasan Meningkat: Kebijakan Penghapusan Kekerasan Seksual untuk Membangun Ruang Aman bagi Perempuan dan Anak Perempuan. Komnas Perempuan. Tahunan Kekerasan Terhadap Perempuan 2020.pdf

Kurniasari, A. (2019). Dampak Kekerasan Pada Kepribadian Anak. Sosio Informa, 5(1), 15–24.

Li, S., Zhao, F., & Yu, G. (2019). Childhood maltreatment and intimate partner violence victimization: A meta-analysis. Child Abuse and Neglect, 88(May 2018), 212–224.

Mckeown, A. (2014). The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology Attachment , personality and female perpetrators of intimate partner violence. October, 37–41.

Mj, B., KC, B., SG, S., MC, B., & RR, M. (2015). Intimate Partner Violence Surveillance: Uniform Definitions and Recommended Data Elements, Version 2.0.

Oshri, A., Sutton, T. E., Clay-warner, J., & Miller, J. D. (2015). Child maltreatment types and risk behaviors : Associations with attachment style and emotion regulation dimensions. Personality and Individual Differences, 73, 127–133.

PPA, S. (2019). Rasio Anak Korban Kekerasan. Kementerian Pemberdayaan Perempuan dan Perlindungan Anak Republik Indonesia. Retrieved from

Richards, T. N., Skubak, M., & Wright, E. M. (2017). Child Abuse & Neglect Intimate partner violence and the overlap of perpetration and victimization : Considering the influence of physical , sexual , and emotional abuse in childhood. Child Abuse & Neglect, 67, 240–248.

Ruddle, A., Pina, A., & Vasquez, E. (2017). Aggression and Violent Behavior Domestic violence offending behaviors : A review of the literature examining childhood exposure , implicit theories , trait aggression and anger rumination as predictive factors. Aggression and Violent Behavior.

Spatz, C., Czaja, S. J., & Sepulveda, S. (2017). Child Abuse & Neglect Does adult attachment style mediate the relationship between childhood maltreatment and mental and physical health outcomes ? Child Abuse & Neglect, August 2015, 0–1.

Stover, C. S., Choi, M. J., & Mayes, L. C. (2018). The moderating role of attachment on the association between childhood maltreatment and adolescent dating violence. Children and Youth Services Review, 94(May), 679–688.

Styles, A., Strategies, C., & Among, R. F. (2013). Attachment Styles, Coping Strategies, and Romantic Feelings Among Battered Women in Shelters. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 57(4), 425–444.

Sulaiman. (2019, Juli 24). Netizen. Retrieved from

UPT P2TP2A Kota Bandung. (2020). Data Klien Berdasarkan Jenis Kasus Tahun 2020. 2020, 2020.

Velotti, P., Zobel, S. B., Rogier, G., & Tambelli, R. (2018). Exploring relationships: A systematic review on Intimate Partner Violence and attachment. Frontiers in Psychology, 9(JUL).

Wekerle, C., & Wolfe, D. A. (1998). The role of child maltreatment and attachment style in adolescent relationship violence. Development and Psychopathology, 10, 571–586.

Yarkovsky, N., & Fritz, P. A. T. (2014). Attachment Style , Early Sexual Intercourse , and Dating Aggression Victimization. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 29(2), 279–298.


Flag Counter