Hubungan Loneliness dan Adiksi Internet pada Mahasiswa di Bandung

Novianti Anisaputri, Ria Dewi Eryani

Abstract


Abstract. The internet usage continues to increase in various countries. Indonesia is one of the fifth largest internet user countries in Asia according toThe Ministry of Communication and Information Technology in 2020. (Kementerian Informasi, 2020). The most active internet users are dominated by student groups compared to other groups. The role of internet for students, in addition to the interest of education and work, students make the internet a coping strategy of various problem faced, one of which is psychological problems such as loneliness. If students use the internet excessively, they are prone to experiencing problems using the internet, which can cause internet addiction. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between loneliness and internet addiction among students in Bandung. The method used is quantitative with a correlational research design. The subjects were 407 students selected by purposive sampling. The data collected through the scale of loneliness which is Loneliness scale version 3 (UCLA) compiled by Russell (1996) and the internet addiction scale, [namely] (i.e.) the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) compiled by Young's (1996) which has been adapted to Indonesian. The analysis technique used is the correlation test Spearman Rank. The results showed a significant correlation between loneliness and internet addiction (p = 0.000 <0.05) with a correlation coefficient value of 0.423. This means that there is a significant positive correlation between loneliness and internet addiction among students in Bandung with a moderate or strong level of closeness. So that further research, it is necessary to consider other factors that contribute to loneliness or internet addiction.

Keywords : Internet Addiction, Loneliness, Student.

 

Abstrak.  Penggunaan internet terus meningkat di berbagai negara. Indonesia merupakan salah satu negara pengguna internet terbanyak kelima di Asia (Kementerian Informasi, 2020). Pengguna internet paling aktif didominasi oleh kelompok mahasiswa dibanding kelompok lainnya. Tujuan mahasiswa menggunakan internet selain untuk kepentingan pendidikan dan pekerjaan, mahasiswa menjadikan internet sebagai salah satu strategi coping dari berbagai permasalahan yang dihadapi salah satunya permasalahan psikologis seperti loneliness. Apabila mahasiswa menggunakan internet secara berlebih maka rentan mengalami permasalahan dalam menggunakan internet yaitu dapat menyebabkan adiksi internet. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan loneliness dan adiksi internet pada mahasiswa di Bandung. Metode yang digunakan adalah kuantitatif dengan desain penelitian korelasional. Subjek berjumlah 407 mahasiswa dipilih dengan purposive sampling. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui skala loneliness yaitu Loneliness scale version 3 (UCLA) disusun oleh Russell (1996) dan skala adiksi internet yaitu Internet Addiction Test (IAT) yang disusun oleh Young’s (1996) yang telah diadaptasi ke Bahasa Indonesia. Teknik analisis yang digunakan adalah uji korelasi Rank Spearman. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan korelasi signifikan antara loneliness dan adiksi internet (p = 0,000 < 0,05) dengan nilai koefisien korelasi sebesar 0,423. Artinya terdapat korelasi positif yang signifikan antara loneliness dan adiksi internet pada mahasiswa di Bandung dengan tingkat keeratan sedang atau cukup kuat. Sehingga penelitian selanjutnya, perlu untuk mempertimbangkan faktor-faktor lain yang berkontribusi terhadap loneliness atau adiksi internet.

Kata Kunci : Adiksi Internet, Loneliness, Mahasiswa.


Keywords


Adiksi Internet, Loneliness, Mahasiswa.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29313/.v6i2.24443

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