Mindfulness dan Subjective Well-Being pada Remaja Panti Asuhan

Winda Yani, Makmuroh Sri Rahayu, Andhita Nurul Khasanah

Abstract


Abstract. Adolescence requires a parent figure to guide and fulfill psychological needs. Some have complete parents and some do not have one or even both, which are called orphans. Some of the orphans can usually be found in orphanages. One of the orphanages in the City of Karawang, namely the X orphanage is an orphanage that stands independently, at first they felt uncomfortable and wanted to run away, but nowadays teenagers in the orphanage feel satisfied living at the institution, and more often feel positive affective than negative affective. Through routine activities such as planting hydroponics, they can be more focused and aware that this skill is mindfulness. A state of mindfulness is one of the factors that can increase subjective well-being. The purpose of this study was to determine how closely the relationship between mindfulness and subjective well-being is. The population in this study amounted to 30 adolescents. The method used is correlational. The measuring instrument used is the Child And Adolescent Mindfulness Measure which was constructed by Baer et al. (2011) to measure mindfulness and for subjective well-being using two measuring instruments, namely the cognitive aspect using the satisfaction with life scale (SWLS) (Diener, et al 1985)  and the affective aspect using the Scale of Positive and Negative Experience (SPANE) (Diener, et al 2009).. The result of this research is that there is a significant relationship between mindfulness and subjective well-being and it is obtained r of 0.48 and 0.41% of mindfulness affects subjective well-being.

Keywords: Mindfulness, Parents, Orphanages, Adolescent, Subjective Well-Being

Abstrak. Masa remaja membutuhkan sosok orang tua dalam membimbing dan memenuhi kebutuhan psikologis. Ada yang memiliki orang tua lengkap dan ada yang tidak memiliki salah satunya bahkan keduanya, yang disebut yatim piatu. Beberapa anak yatim piatu biasanya dapat dijumpai di panti asuhan. Salah satu panti asuhan di Kota Karawang, yaitu panti asuhan X merupakan sebuah panti yang berdiri secara mandiri, awalnya mereka merasa tidak betah dan ingin kabur tetapi saat ini remaja di panti asuhan merasa puas tinggal dipanti, dan lebih sering merasakaan afektif positif dibandingkan afektif negative. Melalui kegiatan-kegiatan rutin yang dilakukan seperti menanam hidroponik, mereka dapat lebih fokus dan sadar keterampilan tersebut ialah mindfulness. Keadaan mindfulness merupakan salah satu factor yang dapat meningkatkan subjective well-being. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui seberapa erat hubungan antara mindfulness dengan subjective well-being. Populasi dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 30 orang remaja. Metode yang digunakan ialah korelasional. Alat ukur yang digunakan ialah Child And Adolescent Mindfulness Measure yang dikonstruksi oleh Baer, dkk (2011) untuk mengukur mindfulness dan untuk subjective well-being menggunakan dua alat ukur ialah aspek kognitif menggunakan satisfaction with life scale (SWLS) (Diener, et al 1985) dan aspek afektif menggunakan Scale of Positive and Negative Experience (SPANE) (Diener, et al 2009). Hasil penelitian ialah bahwa terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara mindfulness dengan subjective well-being dan diperoleh r sebesar 0,48 dan sebesar 0,41% mindfulness mempengaruhi subjective well-being.

Kata Kunci: Mindfulness, Orang Tua, Panti Asuhan, Remaja, dan Subjective well-being.


Keywords


Mindfulness, Orang Tua, Panti Asuhan, Remaja, dan Subjective well-being.

Full Text:

PDF

References


. Baer, R. A., Smith, G. T., & Allen, K. B. (2004). Assessment of mindfulness by self-report: The Kentucky inventory of mindfulness skills. Assessment, 11(3), 191–206. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191104268029

. Baer, R. A. (Ed.). (2006). Mindfulness-based treatment approaches: Clinician's guide to evidence base and applications. Elsevier Academic Press

. Brown, K. W., Ryan, R. M., & Creswell, J. D. (2007). Mindfulness: Theoretical foundations and evidence for its salutary effects. Psychological Inquiry, 18(4), 211–237. https://doi.org/10.1080/10478400701598298

. Brown, K. W., Kasser, T., Ryan, R. M., Alex Linley, P., & Orzech, K. (2009). When what one has is enough: Mindfulness, financial desire discrepancy, and subjective well-being. Journal of Research in Personality, 43(5), 727–736. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2009.07.002

. Bajaj, B., & Pande, N. (2016). Mediating role of resilience in the impact of mindfulness on life satisfaction and affect as indices of subjective well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 93, 63–67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2015.09.005

. Burke, C. A. (2010). Mindfulness-based approaches with children and adolescents: A preliminary review of current research in an emergent field. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 19(2), 133–144. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-009-9282-x

. CITRA, F. (2019). Hubungan Antara Mindfulness Dengan Subjective Well Being Pada Lansia Di Panti Sosial Trena Werdha Budi Pertiwi Bandung. 4(1), 75–84. https://doi.org/.1037//0033-2909.I26.1.78

. Collard, P., Avny, N., & Boniwell, I. (2008). Teaching Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) to students: The effects of MBCT on the levels of Mindfulness and Subjective Well-Being. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 21(4), 323–336. https://doi.org/10.1080/09515070802602112

. Diener, E. (2000). Subjective well-being: The science of happiness and a proposal for a national index. American Psychologist, 55(1), 34–43. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.55.1.34

. Fawzy, N., & Fouad, A. (2010). Psychosocial and Developmental Status of Orphanage Children: Epidemiological Study. Current Psychiatry, 17(2), 41–48.

. Greco, L. A., Baer, R. A., & Smith, G. T. (2011). Assessing Mindfulness in Children and Adolescents : Development and Validation of the Child and Adolescent Mindfulness Measure ( CAMM ). 23(3), 606–614. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0022819

. Harris, V. W., & Forthun, L. F. (2014). Mindfulness : An Introduction 1. (April).

. Keng, S. L., Smoski, M. J., & Robins, C. J. (2011). Effects of mindfulness on psychological health: A review of empirical studies. Clinical Psychology Review, 31(6), 1041–1056. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2011.04.006

. Lubis, I. R., & Agustini, L. J. (2018). Efektivitas Gratitude Training Untuk Meningkatkan Subjective Well-Being Pada Remaja di Panti Asuhan. Journal Psikogenesis, 6(2), 205–213. https://doi.org/10.24854/jps.v6i2.703

. Malay, M., Septarianda, E., & Ulfah, K. (2020). HUBUNGAN FORGIVENESS DENGAN SUBJECTIVE WELL BEING PADA REMAJA PANTI DI PANTI ASUHAN. 2(1), 83–91.

. Mace, C. (2007). Mindfulness in psychotherapy: An introduction. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 13(2), 147–154. https://doi.org/10.1192/apt.bp.106.002923

. Mutaqin, M. F. T., Yulindrasari, H., & Dahlan, T. H. (2020). Understanding Subjective Well-Being from a Top Down Theory Approach. 399(Icepp 2019), 154–156. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200130.103

. Nurasiah. (2017). Latihan Mindfulness untuk peningkatan Subjective well being pada remaja panti assuhan. Naskah Publikasi. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315853178

. Saputro, K. Z. (2018). Memahami Ciri dan Tugas Perkembangan Masa Remaja. Aplikasia: Jurnal Aplikasi Ilmu-Ilmu Agama, 17(1), 25. https://doi.org/10.14421/aplikasia.v17i1.1362

. Siti Aesijah, N. P., & Pratisti, W. D. (2016). PENGARUH PELATIHAN REGULASI EMOSI TERHADAP KEBAHAGIAAN REMAJA PANTI ASUHAN YATIM PIATU.

. Sugiyono. (2018). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif. Bandung: Alfabeta.

. Thompson, M., & Gauntlett-Gilbert, J. (2008). Mindfulness with children and adolescents: Effective clinical application. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 13(3), 395–407. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359104508090603

. Triman, A., Bagaskara, S., Fourianalistyawati, E., & Putra, J. S. (2017) Pelatihan Mindfulnes untuk Mengurangi Emosi Marah pada Pengemudi Usia Remaja. (July).

. Waskito, P. (2019). Mindfulness dalam Layanan Bimbingan dan Konseling bagi Peserta Didik Remaja di Sekolah Menengah Pertama. (April), 27–29.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29313/.v6i2.23921

Flag Counter