Pengaruh Iklim Sekolah terhadap Subjective Well Being Siswa SMP di Kota Bandung

Neng Nuraripiniati, Ihsana Sabriani Borualogo


Abstract. School climate can affect student behavior when studying at school. Problematic student behavior often occurs at school including skipping school, lack of motivation in students, and acts of violence or bullying at school. This problem is related to how students perceive the school climate. Students who perceive the school climate positively can influence the student's subjective well being (SWB). When SWB students will tend to behave positively by showing self-involvement in the learning process at school, academic achievement, and better social function. The purpose of this research is to find out how the school climate and its aspects affect junior high school students SWB in the city of Bandung. This research is a causality research with a quantitative approach. The sampling technique used was stratified cluster random sampling with a sample size of 845 students. The data analysis technique used in this research is linear regression analysis technique. The results of this study are: (1) Students perceive the school climate positively as much as 97.04%. (2) The SWB level of students was mostly high, at 94.8%. (3) There is a significant effect of school climate on SWB. (4) Aspects that make a significant contribution to SWB are affective attachment to school and the prevalence of disturbing other students in school.

Keywords: School Climate, Subjective well being, Junir high school student

Abstrak. Iklim sekolah dapat mempengaruhi perilaku siswa ketika belajar di sekolah. Perilaku siswa yang bermasalah banyak terjadi di sekolah diantaranya bolos sekolah, kurangnya motivasi pada siswa, serta tindakan kekerasan atau perundungan di sekolah. Permasalahan ini berkaitan dengan bagaimana persepsi siswa mengenai iklim sekolah.  Siswa yang mempersepsikan iklim sekolah secara positif dapat mempengaruhi subjective well being (SWB) siswa tersebut. Ketika siswa SWB siswa akan cenderung berperilaku positif dengan menunjukkan keterlibatan diri dalam proses pembelajaran di sekolah, prestasi akademik, dan fungsi sosial yang lebih baik. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengetahui bagaimana iklim sekolah serta aspek-aspeknya mempengaruhi SWB siswa SMP di Kota Bandung.Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kausalitas dengan pendekatan kuantitatif.Teknik pengambilan sampel yang digunakan yaitu Stratified Cluster Random Sampling dengan jumlah sampel 845 siswa. Adapun teknik analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah teknis analisis regresi linear.Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah: (1) Siswa mempersepsikan iklim sekolah secara positif sebanyak 97.04%. (2) Tingkat SWB siswa sebagian besar tinggi sebanyak 94.8%. (3) Terdapat pengaruh yang signifikan iklim sekolah terhadap SWB. (4) Aspek yang memberikan kontribusi signifikan terhadap SWB yaitu keterikatan terhadap sekolah secara afektif dan prevalensi mengganggu siswa lain di sekolah.

Kata Kunci: Iklim Sekolah, Kesejahteraan Subjektif, Siswa SMP


Iklim Sekolah, Kesejahteraan Subjektif, Siswa SMP

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