Pengaruh Kepuasan Pertemanan terhadap Subjective Well-Being pada Siswa SMP Korban Perundungan

Humaira Marwa Abidin, Ihsana Sabriani Borualogo

Abstract


Abstract. Bullying is an agressive behavior done on purpose, consciously, and repeatedly. It usually involves constrast difference of powers between the oppressor and the victim. Bullying often occurs in school environment, even though it is supposed to be a place where students improve themselves. If bullying is not stopped, it will cause negative effects to the victim. Experiencing bullying at school ought to make a student unhappy with his life. A survey from Survey Nasional Pengalaman Hidup Anak Dan Remaja (SNPHAR) in 2018, suggested that bullying is usually done by people around the victim’s age. Despite that, a good relation with friends can be a reason for student to be happy with his life. The purpose of this research is to figure out how significant the effect of friendship satisfaction is on subjective well-being of bullying victim in junior high school across Bandung. This research involved 394 teenagers studying in junior high school (7th, 8th, and 9th grader), across Bandung, who had experienced bullying previously. This research applied quantitative approach designed as causal non-experimental research to prove the correlation between the two variables. This research shows that friendship satisfaction may cause an effect as much as 13.5% of SWB on bullying victim in junior high school across Bandung.

Keywords: Adolescent, Friendship Satisfaction, Bullying, Subjective Well-Being

Abstrak. Perundungan merupakan tindakan agresif yang dilakukan dengan sengaja, berulang, dan melibatkan ketidakseimbangan kekuatan antara pelaku dan korban. Perundungan seringkali terjadi di lingkungan sekolah, padahal sekolah harusnya menjadi tempat bagi siswa untuk mencapai perkembangan yang optimal. Apabila perundungan dibiarkan, tentunya akan memberikan berbagai dampak negatif bagi korban. Adanya tindakan perundungan di sekolah dapat membuat siswa merasa tidak bahagia dengan kehidupannya. Hasil Survey Nasional Pengalaman Hidup Anak Dan Remaja (SNPHAR) pada tahun 2018 menunjukkan bahwa kasus kekerasan pada remaja mayoritas dilakukan oleh teman sebaya. Padahal relasi yang baik dengan teman dapat menjadi salah satu faktor yang membuat siswa tetap merasa bahagia meskipun menghadapi permasalahan dalam hidupnya. Tujuan dari penelitan ini adalah untuk mengetahui seberapa besar pengaruh kepuasan pertemanan terhadap subjective well-being pada siswa SMP korban perundungan di Kota Bandung. Sampel penelitian ini terdiri dari 394 siswa SMP (kelas 7, 8 dan 9) di Kota Bandung yang menjadi korban perundungan baik secara fisik, verbal, dan psikologis. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan desain penelitian kausal non-eksperimental untuk membuktikan hubungan sebab-akibat dari kedua variabel. Penelitian ini menggunakan teknik analisis statistik regresi linier. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kepuasan pertemanan memiliki pengaruh sebesar 13.5% terhadap SWB pada siswa SMP korban perundungan di Kota Bandung.

Kata Kunci: Remaja, Kepuasan Pertemanan, Perundungan, Subjective Well-Being


Keywords


Remaja, Kepuasan Pertemanan, Perundungan, Subjective Well-Being

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29313/.v6i2.22329

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