Studi Deskriptif Perbedaan Resiliensi pada Siswa SD dan SMP Korban Perundungan

Charissa Friska Rachmadifa, Ihsana Sabriani Borualogo

Abstract


Abstract. Bullying is one of serious problem which continues to increase every year. KPAI said that there are 67% on elementary school and 13% on junior high school about bullying cases. The highest number of bullying cases occurred on elementary and junior high school. Victims will experience a various negative impact. For those reason, the victims must have protective ability that help individuals to bounce back from their under adversity that called resilience. The aim of this study is to get information about the different resilience in elementary and junior high school student who being victims. Research method that used on this study is descriptive method with 329 elementary school student and 394 junior high school student who were victims that selected through stratified cluster random sampling from 11 elementary school and 10 junior high school as sample. Data was collected using bullying questionnaire from children’s world and resilience questionnaire CYRM-R. The results indicated that elementary and junior high school student who were victims are both resilience. But there are different factors that cause their resilient. The highest factor in elementary school student are relational domain while in junior high school student are individual domain.

Keywords: Victims, School Bullying, Resilience.

Abstrak. Perundungan merupakan kasus yang serius karena setiap tahunnya kasus perundungan ini terus meningkat. Menurut data KPAI terdapat 67% pada Sekolah Dasar dan 13% pada Sekolah Menengah Pertama pengaduan mengenai perundungan. Kasus perundungan paling tinggi terjadi pada jenjang SD dan SMP. Korban perundungan akan mengalami dampak yang negatif bagi dirinya. Karena hal tersebut maka korban harus memiliki kemampuan untuk dapat bangkit kembali dari kondisi terpuruknya yang disebut dengan resiliensi. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendapatkan informasi mengenai perbedaan resiliensi pada siswa SD dan SMP yang menjadi korban perundungan di Kota Bandung. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif dengan jumlah sampel 329 siswa SD dan 394 siswa SMP yang menjadi korban perundungan di Kota Bandung yang dipilih melalui stratified cluster random sampling dari 11 SD dan 10 SMP. Penelitian ini menggunakan teknik pengambilan data kuisioner dengan alat ukur perundungan dari children’s worlds dan CYRM-R. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa sebagian besar siswa SD dan SMP yang menjadi korban perundungan memiliki resiliensi tinggi. Terdapat perbedaan pada faktor resiliensi yang dimiliki oleh siswa SD dan SMP. Faktor resiliensi paling tinggi pada siswa SD adalah relational domain, sedangkan pada siswa SMP adalah individual domain

Kata Kunci: Korban Perundungan, Perundungan di Sekolah, Resiliensi.


Keywords


Korban Perundungan, Perundungan di Sekolah, Resiliensi

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29313/.v6i2.22305

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