Studi Deskriptif Hardiness pada Caregiver di SLB Autisma Bunda Bening Selaksahati Bandung

Mira Amelia, Agus Budiman

Abstract


Abstract. Childern with autism have special characteristics that are different from normal children in general. Based on its characteristics, children with autism need care and special education which has some difficulties compared to normal children and children with other disorders. In Bandung there is special school that facilitates dormitories for autism children, namely SLB Autisma Bunda Bening Selaksahati. Everyday children with autism are accompanied by Caregiver,  Caregiver experiences various obstacles and pressing difficulties and can have an impact on the physical and mental. However, Caregiver indicates the hardiness of feelings, views, and behaviors displayed in dealing with working conditions. The purpose of this study was to see a picture of hardiness in caregivers of Autism Children in SLB Autisma Bunda Bening Selaksahati Bandung. This study is a descriptive study with a population of 25 people. Measuring instruments used in this study were in the form of questionnaires which were compiled based on hardiness theory according to S.R Maddi (2013).The results showed that the majority of Caregiver SLB Autisma Bunda Bening Selaksahati Bandung had a hardiness personality with high sub-aspects of hardy attitudes. Then it becomes the strength to do the three sub-aspects of hardy strategies.

Keywords: Hardiness, Caregiver, Children with Autism

Abstrak. Anak dengan gangguan autisme memiliki karakteristik khusus yang berbeda dengan anak normal pada umumnya. Berdasarkan karakteristiknya, anak autisme membutuhkan pengasuhan dan pendidikan khusus yang memiliki beberapa kesulitan dibandingkan dengan anak normal maupun anak dengan gangguan lain. Di Bandung terdapat sekolah khusus yang memfasilitasi asrama bagi anak autisme yaitu SLB Autisma Bunda Bening Selaksahati. Sehari-harinya anak autisme didampingi oleh Caregiver. Caregiver mengalami berbagai hambatan dan kesulitan yang dapat berdampak pada fisik dan psikis. Namun, Caregiver mengindikasikan adanya hardiness dari perasaan, pandangan, dan perilaku yang ditampilkan dalam menghadapai kondisi kerjanya. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk melihat gambaran hardiness pada Caregiver di SLB Autisma Bunda Bening Selaksahati Bandung. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan populasi sebanyak 25 orang. Alat ukur yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini berupa kuesioner yang disusun berdasarkan teori hardiness menurut S.R Maddi (2013). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan mayoritas Caregiver SLB Autisma Bunda Bening Selaksahati Bandung berkepribadian hardiness dengan tingginya sub-aspek hardy attitudes. Kemudian menjadi kekuatan untuk melakukan ketiga sub-aspek hardy strategies.

Kata Kunci: Hardiness, Caregiver, Anak Autisme


Keywords


Hardiness, Caregiver, Children with Autism

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References


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