Law on Witness Protection for Whistleblower in the Trafficking Crime Based on Law Number 21 of 2007 and Law Number 31 of 2014

Ryan Martha Rianda, Chepi Ali Firman

Abstract


Trafficking criminal cases had created anxiety in the community. This is because of the growing number of victims in their sufferings that need legal protection. In this case sued the role of law enforcement, both the police, prosecutors, and judges in combating the criminal acts of trafficking. This study aims to present and discuss about the arrangements and other forms of legal protection for witnesses complainant (whistle blowers) criminal acts of trafficking. While the benefits of this research is to provide input and contributions to all parties related to the legal protection of a witness, the crime of trafficking. The method used in this research is normative, i.e. testing and reviewing secondary data, that the principles contained in the legislation. Specifications research in compiling research. This is done by means of descriptive analysis that describes the problems that exist and then analyze it using primary legal materials are materials legally binding and consists of norms (basic) or a basic rule, legislation, legal materials do not codified, such as customary law, jurisprudence, treaties, legal materials from colonial times still stand, secondary law is to give a description of the primary legal materials. These results indicate that the enactment of Law No. 21 of 2007 on the Eradication of Trafficking in Persons, has provided a guarantee and legal certainty regarding legal protection for victims of crime trafficking. The conclusions of this study is the lack of regulation and other forms of legal protection to a witness, the crime of Trafficking under Article 45 to. Article 55 of Law No. 21 of 2007 in general load or the protection of witnesses and victims as well as the span the 'hierarchy in Law no. 31 of 2014 on the Protection of Witnesses and Victims. Advice to the writer suggested are: The need for cooperation of all law enforcement agencies in combating the crime of trafficking of this; The need to increase public awareness of the crime of Trafficking in Persons; Award severe punishments on perpetrators of criminal acts in order to provide a deterrent effect for other actors.

Keywords


Trafficking, Crime, Human Trafficking

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