PERBANDINGAN SIFAT FISIKOKIMIA MINYAK ATSIRI BATANG SEREH(Cymbopogon nardusL. Rendle) DAN BUNGA KECOMBRANG (Etlingera elatior(Jack) R.M. Smith)

Putri Andini, Yani Lukmayani, Livia Syafnir

Abstract


Penyakit stroke merupakan penyebab utama kematian pada semua umur, yaitu hampir 12,1%. Tumbuhan yang umum digunakan untuk terapi stroke adalah sereh wangi (Cymbopogon nardusL. Rendle) dan kecombrang (Etlingera elatior(Jack) R.M. Smith).Pada penelitian ini dilakukan isolasi dan pengujian karakteristik sifat fisikokimia minyak atsiri batang sereh wangi dan minyak atsiri bunga kecombrang.Metode yang digunakan untuk isolasi minyak atsiri menggunakan destilasi air dan uap. Hasil dari penelitian menunjukkan bahwa minyak sereh wangi dan minyak kecombrang memiliki bobot jenis 0,890 , 0,892 ; indeks bias 1,4756 , 1,4652 ; kelarutan dalam etanol 1:2 , 1:3 ; putaran optik (-) 2 , (-3) ; bilangan ester 31,167 , 40,516 ; dan bilangan asam 2,9172 , 1,7952. Keduanya mengandung caryophyllene dengan kadar 3,45% pada sereh wangi dan 2,84% pada kecombrang, dimana caryophyllene tersebut berpotensi sebagai obat stroke.


Keywords


Caryophyllene, Kecombrang, Sereh Wangi, Stroke

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