Comparison of Evens Diarrhea and Ispa between Infants Given Breast Milk and Formula Milk

Nadia Rachmadini, Herry Garna, Adhika Putra Rakhmatullah

Abstract


The number of exclusive breastfeeding in Indonesia according to Survey Demografic and Healthy Indonesia (SDKI) in 2011 only reached 32% and the rest still tend to be fed by formula milk. WHO recommends that the baby should be given exclusive breastfeeding during the first 6 months because exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months can reduce mortality and. Diarrhea and ISPA are infants’s main diseases in Indonesia. According to a survey of eradication of diarrheal diseases in 2000, the number of illness or incidence of diarrhea is 301 on every 1000 population in Indonesia, whereas 40.7% of under-fives who suffer respiratory complaints almost all of them (97.6%) suffer from uncomplicated ISPA.7 The incidence of diarrhea and ISPA can be decreased by exclusive breastfeeding. The purpose of this study was to see the relationship between the incidence of diarrhea and ISPA in infants given exclusive breastfeeding with infants given formula milk. The research was carried out in poly child of RS Al-Islam Bandung in May until July 2017. This study used analytical method with 73 people as respondent. Data collected from questionnaires were analyzed using statistical test "chi square" which showed p value <0.05. It means that there is a significant relationship between exclusive breastfeeding with the incidence of diarrhea in infants aged 0-12 months at RS Al-Islam Bandung 2017.

Keywords


ASI, formula milk, diarrhea, ISPA

References


Subagyo B, Santoso NB. diare akut. Dalam: Buku ajar gastroenterologi-hepatologi. Jilid 1. Jakarta: Badan Penerbit IDAI, 2011

Arifeen S, Black RE, Antelman A, Baqui A, Caulfield L, S Becker. exclusive breastfeeding reduces acute respiratory infection and diarrhea deaths among infants in Dhaka Slums

Herbert L. DuPont, M.D. Bacterial diarrhea in the new England journal of medicine.2009. Massachusetts Medical Society.

Ulshen M. Manifestasi klinis penyakit saluran pencernaan.dalam: ilmu kesehatan anak nelson Vol 2.Edisi 15. Jakarta: EGC

Prasetyo, Bambang dan Lina M. Jannah. 2005. Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Jakarta. PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Notoatmodjo,s. 2005. Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta

AmericanSociety of Hospital Pharmacists. ASHP statement on pharmaceutical care. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1993; 50:1720.3.

Prasetyo, Bambang dan Lina M. Jannah. 2005. metode penelitian kualitatif. Jakarta. PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Sugiyono. 2007. metode penelitian pendidikan pendekatan kuantitatif, kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.




Flag Counter