The Relation of Body Mass Index on Knee Osteoarthritis in Al-Ihsan Public Hospital of Bandung

Ireneu Lestari, Adhika Putra Rahkmatullah, Dony Septriana Rosady

Abstract


Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease which is the most occurs in old age. Risk factors that affect joint damage to OA include obesity, mechanic stress, and age. In Indonesia, the incidence of OA by age is quite high at 5% at age <40 years, 30% at age 40-60 years, 65% in old age> 61 years. In the city of Bandung, from a study conducted at Hasan Sadikin Hospital in the 2003-2005 range, the incidence of OA reached 69% of all existing rheumatic diseases. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship of Body Mass Index (BMI) to knee OA occurrence at Al-Ihsan public hospital, district of Bandung. This study uses qualitative analytic observation method and cross sectional study design to assess the role of risk factor of BMI on the occurrence of OA in rheumatology and nerve polyclinic of Al-Ihsan public hospital, Bandung regency. The sampling techniques use interviews and also body weight and body height measurements. Research subjects were taken by consecutive sampling method based on the order of patients who came and fulfilled the inclusion criteria as well as exclusion. The data analysis used is chi square test because independent variable and categorical bound variable with 95% confidence. The results showed a significant relationship between BMI on knee OA occurrence with P = 0,000 (P <0,05) and caused by adiponectin which is synthesized by adipose tissue and probably caused by mechanic stress.

Keywords


BMI, knee osteoarthritis

References


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