Correlation between Age, Gender, and Vehicle in Traffic Accident with Type of Lower-Extremity Fracture at Al Islam Hospital 2016

Annisa Nadzira, Yuniarti Yuniarti, Susan Fitriyana

Abstract


Musculoskeletal disease has become a common problem in health centers around the world, even the World Health Organization (WHO) has set 2000-2010 to decades of bones and joints problem. The most of fractures problem is an accident, whether it is work accidents, traffic accidents and etc. Rapid traffic progress in terms of number of road users, number of vehicles, number of users of freight services and increased road network with vehicle speed allows fracture as a result of traffic accidents. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between age, sex and vehicle type in traffic accidents with type of lower extremity fracture at Al Islam Hospital 2016. This research uses descriptive analytic method. The study was conducted in March-May 2017. Determination of the sample size using simple random sampling with the subjects of the study were patients who had traffic accidents with lower extremity fractures at Al Islam Hospital 2016 as many as 41 people. The result showed that the significance value of age and vehicle variables have significance value (0,514 and 0,062) bigger than test significance value (p <0,05). Conclusion there is no relation between age, sex, and vehicle type to lower extremity fracture type in traffic accident.


Keywords


Type of vehicle, Type of fracture, Age

References


Triono P, Murinto. Aplikasi Pengolahan Citra Untuk Meendeteksi Fraktur Tulang Dengan Metode Deteksi Tepi Canny. Jurnal Informatika Universitas Ahmad Dahlan. 2015;9(2):1115-1123.

Peraturan Menteri Perhubungan Republik Indonesia Nomor PM 37 Tahun 2016 tentan Tarif Angkutan Penyebrangan Lintas Antarprovinsi. Pasal 2 Nomor 1.

Badan Pusat Statistik. Laporan Perkembangan Jumlah Kendaraan Bermotor Menurut Jenis Tahun 1987-2013 (diunduh 11 Desember 2016). Tersedia dari http://www.bps.go.id/linkTabelStatis/view/id/1413

Fauzi R R, Wisnu I P. Analisis Perubahan Manajemen Lalu Lintas Pada Jaringan Jalan Di Sekitar Jalan Layang Dan Jembatan Pasupati. Journal of Engineering and Technological Science. 2013:45B(1):47-60.

Puji D A, Mauliyah I. Perbedaan Tingkat Mobilitas Pada Pasien Post Operasi Fraktur Ekstremitas Bawah Sebelum Dan Sesudah Dilakukan Penyuluhan Kesehatan Di Ruang Boegenville Dan Teratai RSUD Dr. Soegiri Lamongan. Jurnal Surya. 2015:7(2).

NSGMED Nursing Journals and Articles. Fracture and Dislocations-sign and Symptoms, Diagnostic Tests, Bone Healing Process. 2014. (diunduh 27 Desember 2016). Tersedia dari : http://www.nsgmed.com/musculoskeletal/fracture-and-dislocations-sign-and-symptoms-diagnostic-tests-bone-healing-process/

Salter-Harris Fractures. University of Virginia Health Science Center Departement of Radiology. 2013. (diunduh 27 Desember 2017). Tersedia dari : https://www.med-ed.virginia.edu/courses/rad/peds/ms_webpages/ms2bsalter.html

Kim PH, Leopold SS. Gustilo-Anderson Classification. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 2012;470(11):3270-3274.

Lower Limb Fractures. The Bone School. 2004. (diunduh 27 Desember 2016). Tersedia dari : http://www.boneschool.com/paediatrics/trauma/lower-limb-fractures

Kaye J.A, H. Jick. Epidemiology of lower limb fractures in general practice in the United Kingdom. Injury Prevention.2004;10:368–374. Tersedia dari : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1730161.pdf

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeon. Patellar (Kneecap) Fractures. 2016. (diunduh 3 Januari 2017). Tersedia dari: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00523

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeon. Tibia (Shinbone) Shaft Fractures. 2016. (diunduh 3 Januari 2017). Tersedia dari: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00522

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeon. Angkle Fracture. 2016. (diunduh 3 Januari 2017). Tersedia dari: http://www.orthoinfo.org/PDFs/A00391.pdf

Apley, A. Graham, dan Louis Solomon. Apley's system of orthopaedics and fractures. Edisi ke-9. London: Arnold.2001.

Moore, Keith L, and Arthur F. Dalley. Clinically Oriented Anatomy. Edisi ke-7. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.1999.

Keputusan Menteri Pekerjaan Umum Nomor 370/KPTSN/M/2007 tentang Penetapan Golongan Jenis Kendaraan Bermotor Pada Ruas Jalan Tol Dan Besar Tarif Tol.

Marsaid, M.Hidayar dan Ahsan. 2013.Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Kecelakaan Lalu Lintas pada Pengendara Sepeda Motor di Wilayah Polres Kabupaten Malang. Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Universitas Brawijaya. 2013.




Flag Counter