Gambaran Karakteristik dan Komorbiditas Pasien PPOK Rawat Inap di Rsud Al-Ihsan Bandung 2016

Tiara Chairunnissa, Cice Tresnasari, Eka Hendryanny


Beberapa faktor risiko yang mempengaruhi perjalanan penyakit PPOK adalah merokok, usia, serta jenis kelamin. Pasien PPOK memiliki komorbiditas yang mempengaruhi kualitas dan kelangsungan hidup secara signifikan. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui gambaran karakteristik dan komorbiditas pasien PPOK yang dirawat inap di RSUD Al-Ihsan tahun 2016. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan pendekatan retrospektif, dilakukan pada bulan Mei—Juli 2017 di RSUD Al-Ihsan Kabupaten Bandung menggunakan 92 rekam medis pasien PPOK yang dirawat inap pada tahun 2016. Variabel yang diidentifikasi meliputi usia, jenis kelamin, status merokok, dan komorbiditas. Pemilihan sampel data rekam medis menggunakan metode total sampling dan data diproses dengan Microsoft Excel 2016 dan disajikan dalam bentuk tabel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pasien PPOK memiliki karakteristik jenis kelamin pria (76,09%), berusia ≥ 65 tahun (70,66%), dengan proporsi pasien yang merokok sebesar 18,48%. Sebagian besar pasien PPOK memiliki komorbiditas (75,28%) dan proporsi penyakit komorbid terbesar yaitu CHF (27,14%), diikuti CAD (15,71%) dan HHD (10,00%). Kesimpulan penelitian ini yaitu pasien PPOK yang dirawat inap di RSUD Al-Ihsan periode Januari—Desember 2016 sebagian besar adalah pria, berusia ≥ 65 tahun, dan tidak merokok. Sebagian besar pasien memiliki komorbiditas, dengan CHF, CAD dan HHD sebagai komorbid yang paling sering.


Karakteristik, Komorbiditas, PPOK


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