Effectiveness of Poster and Animation as Handwashing Educational Media on Elementary School Students

Azka Zhafira Putri, Tinni Rusmartini, Yuke Andriane

Abstract


Hand washing is one of the indicator in Clean and Healthy Living Behavior that must be applied in educational institution. Unfortunately, Hand washing application in Indonesia is still low. It is proved by average proportion of Indonesian citizen over 10 years old is 47%. Giving education to students can increase their knowledge about proper hand washing. To make this education become effective we must use the right media. The purpose of this study is to know the effectiveness of poster and animation as media for health education to improve their knowledge about hand washing. This study was applied elementary school students that were divided randomly into poster intervention group and animation intervention group. Each group were given questionnaire as pretest and posttest and the average score difference will be compared. This study use dependent t test, Wilcoxon test, and independent t test. Result of statistic test shows there was no significant knowledge difference between before and after health education using poster (p=0,10) but there was a significant increasing of score between before and after health education using animation (p=0,00).Meanwhile, there were no significant score increasing difference between poster and animation intervention group (p=0,39). The conclusion is there was no difference in effectiveness between education using poster and animation about hand washing in elementary school students.


Keywords


animation, education, hand washing, knowledge, poster

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