Difference of Neonatal Asphyxia in Premature Rupture of Membrane and Non Rupture of Membrane and Outcomes of Neonatal Asphyxia in Al – Ihsan District Hospital period January 1, 2016 – Mei 31, 2017

Siti Rahmawati Febriani, Herry Garna, Ferry Ahmad Firdaus Mansyur

Abstract


Asphyxia is one of the causes of neonatal death in developing countries. Approximately 20% of asphyxia infants die, 25% have neurological disorders, and some infants develop growth disorders, and IQ. Factors that can cause asphyxia consist of maternal factors, infant factors, and labor factors. One of these factors is premature rupture of membranes. The purpose of this study was to determine how the association of neonatal asphyxia with premature rupture of membranes and outcomes of neonatal asphyxia. This study used a case control analytic method and using consecutive sampling technique. The target population is neonatal asphyxia born in Al-Ihsan district hospital, West Java period January 2016-31 May 2017 as many as 198 babies. The determination of the minimum sample size was calculated based on the hypothesis test formula of two proportions so that there was a minimum sample of 116 people with 58 cases of asphyxia and 58 cases of non asphyxia. From the statistical test results obtained conclusion that neonatal asphyxia not statistically significant with premature rupture of membrane (p = 0,213) and prolonged rupture of membrane (0,280). In conclusion, there were no relationship between asphyxia neonatorum with premature rupture of membranes and prolonged rupture of membranes.

Keywords


Neonatal asphyxia, premature rupture of membrane, prolonged rupture of membrane

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