Gambaran Angka Kejadian, Karakteristik dan Ekspertise Radiologi USG Pasien Asites di RS Al-Ihsan Periode 2013-2015

Rini Widiyastuti, Tjoekra Roekmantara, Adhika Putra Rakhmatullah

Abstract


Abstract: Ascites is derived from the Greek word “askites” meaning is like sac. Ascites is an accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity. Medical condition of ascites is also known as peritoneal cavity fluid, peritoneal fluid excess, hydroperitoneum or better known as abdominal dropsy. Ascites is most often caused by cirrhosis or severe liver disease (portal hypertension), and other causes (non-portal hypertension) included hypoalbuminemia, infection, malignancy, and others-such as Meigs syndrome, vasculitis, hypothyroidism, kidney dialysis, peritoneal mesothelioma. The radiology picture of ascites can be seen through ultrasound imaging results. This study aimed to analyze the incidents and characteristic of age, gender, and judging from the results of ultrasound imaging in Al-Ihsan hospitals Bandung. Observational research using descriptive method. This study was obtained from secondary data such as medical records. Collecting and processing the data taken as a whole and who met the inclusion criteria. Results of research at Al-Ihsan Hospital showed that the incidence of ascites in 2013-2015 was 27 cases. The most age groups in 2013-2015 is over 40 years as many as 12 patients (66.66%), most sex is to men as many as 15 people (55.56%), and the radiologi picture of ultrasound imaging is the most common result of patients with ascites because of CH as a primary or secondary diagnosis as many as 16 people. In conclusion ascites incidence rate in 2013 was 27 cases (38.03%). The most common age group is over 40 years, the most common gender is male, and the result is the most common ultrasound imaging unidentfie ascites, ascites because of CH and other causes.

Abstrak: Asites berasal dari bahasa Yunani askites yang berarti seperti kantung. Asites merupakan akumulasi cairan dalam rongga peritoneum. Kondisi medis asites dikenal juga sebagai peritoneal cavity fluid, peritoneal fluid excess, hydroperitoneum atau lebih dikenal sebagai abdominal dropsy. Asites paling sering disebabkan oleh sirosis atau penyakit hati yang parah (hipertensi portal), dan sebab lain (non-hipertensi portal) termasuk hipoalbuminemia, infeksi, keganasan, dan lainnya-seperti meigs syndrome, vasculitis, hipotiroid, dialisis ginjal, mesotelioma peritoneum. Gambaran ekspertise radiologi asites dapat dilihat melalui hasil pencitraan USG. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui angka kejadian, karakteristik usia, dan jenis kelamin, dilihat dari hasil pencitraan USG di RSUD Al-Ihsan Bandung. Penelitian menggunakan metode deskriptif observasional. Penelitian ini diperoleh dari data sekunder berupa rekam medis. Pengumpulan dan pengolahan data diambil secara keseluruhan dan yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi. Hasil penelitian pada RSUD Al-Ihsan menunjukan bahwa angka kejadian asites pada tahun 2013-2015 adalah 27 kasus (38,03%). Kelompok usia terbanyak tahun 2013-2015 adalah usia diatas 40 tahun sebanyak 12 pasien (66,66%), jenis kelamin terbanyak adalah pada laki-laki sebanyak 15 orang (55,56%), dan gambaran ekspretise hasil pencitraan USG tersering adalah pasien dengan diagnosis utama atau tambahan karena CH sebanyak 16 orang. Kesimpulannya angka kejadian asites tahun 2013 adalah 27 kasus (38,03%). Kelompok usia tersering adalah diatas 40 tahun, jenis kelamin tersering adalah laki-laki, dan hasil pencitraan USG tersering adalah asites unidentfie, asites karena CH dan penyebab lain.


Keywords


Ascites, Prevalence, Characteristics

References


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