Scoping Review: Pengaruh Pemberian Kurma (Phoenix dactylifera) terhadap Kadar Hemoglobin pada Pasien Anemia

Adinda Fitri Amaris, Hana Sofia Rachman, Yuke Andriane

Abstract


Abstract. Anemia is a condition when the level of hemoglobin (Hb) in the blood is low (<12 g / dl). The prevalence of anemia is estimated to be 9% in developed countries and 43% in developing countries. in 2013, the prevalence of anemia in Indonesia was 21.7%. Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is the most common nutrient deficiency problem worldwide, especially in developing countries including Indonesia with a prevalence of 72.3%. Iron supplementation has become a policy of the Indonesian government for the treatment of anemia. Several studies on herbal plants as an alternative to iron supplements have been carried out, which is the consumption of dates. Dates are high in iron and can be used as an alternative to iron supplements. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of giving dates on hemoglobin levels in anemia patients. This research is a Scoping Review, by searching for articles from the EBSCO, ProQuest, and Google Scholar databases. There were 374 articles according to the inclusion criteria, after the feasibility test based on PICOS the remaining articles were 8 articles. The results found in 4 articles showed an average increase in hemoglobin levels are more than 1 g / dL and 4 other articles showed an average increase in hemoglobin are less than 1 g / dL. The conclusion of this study is that dates can increase hemoglobin levels in anemic patients. Dates contain iron which plays a role in hemoglobin’s production with the results that it can increase hemoglobin levels.

Key words: Anemia, Dates, Hemoglobin levels

Abstrak. Anemia merupakan suatu kondisi ketika kadar hemoglobin (Hb) dalam darah tergolong rendah (<12 gr/dl). Prevalensi anemia diperkirakan 9% di negara-negara maju dan 43% di negara berkembang. Pada tahun 2013 prevalensi anemia di Indonesia yaitu 21,7%. Anemia defisiensi besi (ADB) merupakan masalah defisiensi nutrien tersering di seluruh dunia terutama di negara berkembang termasuk Indonesia dengan prevalensi 72,3%. Suplementasi besi menjadi suatu kebijakan pemerintah Indonesia untuk penanganan anemia. Beberapa penelitian pada tumbuhan herbal sebagai alternatif suplemen zat besi telah banyak dilakukan salah satunya dengan konsumsi buah kurma. Kurma mengandung zat besi yang tinggi dan dapat dijadikan alternatif suplemen zat besi. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui pengaruh pemberian kurma terhadap kadar hemoglobin pada pasien anemia. Penelitian ini merupakan Scoping Review, dengan mencari artikel dari database EBSCO, ProQuest, dan GoogleScholar. Artikel yang sesuai kriteria inklusi sebanyak 374 artikel, setelah uji kelayakan berdasarkan PICOS artikel yang tersisa sebanyak 8 artikel. Hasil penelitian ditemukan 4 artikel menunjukkan hasil rata-rata peningkatan kadar hemoglobin lebih dari 1 gr/dL dan 4 artikel lainnya menunjukkan hasil rata-rata peningkatan hemoglobin kurang  dari 1 gr/dL. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah kurma dapat meningkatkan kadar hemoglobin pada pasien anemia. Kurma  mengandung zat besi yang berperan dalam pembentukan hemoglobin sehingga dapat meningkatkan kadar hemoglobin.

Kata kunci: Anemia, Kurma, Tingkat hemoglobin


Keywords


Anemia, Kurma, Tingkat hemoglobin

References


Daftar Pustaka

Sangging PRA, Abdillah A. Efektivitas Sari Buah Kurma Terhadap Anemia Defisiensi Besi (ADB) Pada Balita. J Major [Internet]. 2017;6(2):12–7. Available from: http://juke.kedokteran.unila.ac.id/index.php/majority/article/view/1003

McLean E, Cogswell M, Egli I, Wojdyla D, De Benoist B. Worldwide prevalence of anaemia, WHO Vitamin and Mineral Nutrition Information System, 1993-2005. Public Health Nutr. 2009;12(4):444–54.

Sudikno S. Prevalensi dan Faktor Resiko Anemia pada Wanita Usia Subur di Rumah Tangga Miskin di Kabupaten Tasikmalaya dan Ciamis Provinsi Jawa Barat. J Kesehat Reproduksi [Internet]. 2016;7(2):71–82. Available from: https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/107942-ID-prevalensi-dan-faktor-risiko-anemia-pada.pdf

Kaimudin NI, Lestari H, Afa JR. Skrining Dan Determinan Kejadian Anemia Pada Remaja Putri Sma Negeri 3 Kendari Tahun 2017. J Ilm Mhs Kesehat Masy Unsyiah. 2017;2(6):185793.

Fitriany J, Saputri AI. Anemia Defisiensi Besi. Kesehat Masy. 2017;2(1202005126):1–30.

Suryani D, Hafiani R, Junita R. Analisis Pola Makan Dan Anemia Gizi Besi Pada Remaja Putri Kota Bengkulu. J Kesehat Masy Andalas. 2017;10(1):11.

Zen AT., Pertiwi D, Chodijah. Pengaruh Pemberian Sari Kurma (Phoenix dactylifera) terhadap Kadar Hemoglobin. Sains Med. 2013;5 (1):17–9.

Onuh S., Ukaejiofo EO, Achukwu P., Ufelle SA, Okwuosa CN, Chukwuka CJ. Haemopoietic activity and effect of Crude Fruit Extract of Phoenix dactylifera on Peripheral Blood Parameters. Int J Biol Med Res Int J Biol Med Res Int J Biol Med Res www.biomedscidirect.com Int J Biol Med Res. 2012;3(1):1720–3.

Decuypere dr. JD. Dr Decuypere’s Nutrient Charts. Vol. 8080. 2000. 10 p.

Widowati R, Kundaryanti R, Lestari PP. Pengaruh Pemberian Sari Kurma Terhadap Peningkatan Kadar Hemoglobin Ibu Hamil. J AL-AZHAR Indones SERI SAINS DAN Teknol. 2019;5(2):60–5.

Wulandari W, Siregar Y, Irianti E, Hasibuan Y. Efektifitas Pemberian Ekstrak Kurma Terhadap Peningkatan Kadar Hemoglobin Ibu Hamil Trisemester III di Klinik Sumiariani dan Klinik Pratama Sari Tahun 2019. COLOSTRUM J Kebidanan. 2019;1(1):51–6.

Rahayu S, Wahyuni S, Ngadiyono. The Effect of Mixture of Citrus Dates Juice Extract (phoenix dactylifera l) on Blood Profile Changes for Post-Partum Mother. Indian J Public Heal Res Dev. 2019;10(8):1097.

Setiowati W, Nuriah S. Pengaruh Sari Kurma (Phoenix dactylifera) terhadapa Peningkatan Kadar Hemoglobin Ibu Hamil Trisemester III. J Darul Azhar. 2019;6(1):85–91.

Irandegani F, Arbabisarjou A, Ghaljaei F, Navidian A, Karajibani M. The Effect of a Date Consumption-Based Nutritional Program on Iron De fi ciency Anemia in Primary School Girls Aged 8 to 10 Years Old in Zahedan ( Iran ). Dove Press J. 2019;10:183–8.

Kusumawardani PA, Cholifah, Machfudlo H. Palm Date Increase Adolescents Hemoglobin Levels. IOP Conf Ser Earth Environ Sci. 2020;519.

Roselyn AP, Khusuma A, Agata A. Pemberian Buah Kurma (Phoenix dactylifera) ke Penderita Anemia pada Remaja Putri terhadap Kadar Hemoglobin di SMA Negeri 1 Natar Kecamatan Natar Kabupaten Lampung Selatan. J Anal Med Bio Sains. 2018;5(1):1–6.

Sari A, Pamungkasari EP, Lanti Y, Dewi R. The addition of dates palm ( Phoenix dactylifera ) on iron supplementation ( Fe ) increases the hemoglobin level of adolescent girls with anemia. Bali Med J. 2018;7(2):356–60.

Kumar, Abbas A. Robbins Basic Pathology 9th Edition. Practical Clinical Oncology. 2008. 408–421 p.

Zhao P, Qian C, Chen YJ, Sheng Y, Ke Y, Qian ZM. Cystathionine β-synthase (CBS) deficiency suppresses erythropoiesis by disrupting expression of heme biosynthetic enzymes and transporter. Cell Death Dis. 2019;10(10):1–11.

Zaid A, Programme D, Emirates UA, Officer A, Group HC, Service G, et al. Date Palm Cultivation. In: Food and Agricultural Organization of The United Nations. 2012. p. 6.

Rachmaningrum cindy annisa, Candra A. Pengaruh Suplementasi Seng (Zn) dan Zat Besi (Fe) Terhadap Kadar Hemoglobin Balita Usia 3-5 Tahun. 2016;4(Jilid 5):360–7.

Eid N, Osmanova H, Natchez C, Walton G, Costabile A, Gibson G, et al. Impact of palm date consumption on microbiota growth and large intestinal health: A randomised, controlled, cross-over, human intervention study. Br J Nutr. 2015;114(8):1226–36.

Assirey EAR. Nutritional composition of fruit of 10 date palm ( Phoenix dactylifera L.) cultivars grown in Saudi Arabia . J Taibah Univ Sci [Internet]. 2015;9(1):75–9. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtusci.2014.07.002

Orabi SH, Shawky SM. Effect Of Date Palm (Phoenix Dactylifera) Seeds Extracts On Hematological, Biochemical Parameters And Some Fertility Indices In Male Rats. Int J Sci Basic Appl Res. 2014;17(1):137–47.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29313/kedokteran.v7i1.26847

Flag Counter