Scoping Review: Pengaruh Gel Aloe Vera terhadap Proses Penyembuhan Luka Bakar Derajat II pada Hewan Coba

Annisa Resyifa Putri, Herri S Sastramihardja, Dyana Eka Hadiati

Abstract


Abstract. Burns are a body skin damage caused by heat trauma and cold trauma (frost bite) with an increasing incidence every year. One of the treatments used in healing burns is silver sulfadiazine, this drug is thought to have several adverse side effects. The aloe vera plant is known as a plant that has many benefits, one of which is to help in the wound healing process. Lack of research and information about the work of aloe vera on wound healing in Indonesia has led researchers to conduct research with the aim of knowing the effect of aloe vera gel on healing second degree burns. The method used in this research is scoping review, with research articles from international and national journals that meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria. This article was then selected using the PRISMA diagram by considering Population (second degree burns),  Intervention ( aloe vera topical administration), Comparison (giving other treatment or not given treatment), Outcome (wound healing), Study ( Randomized control trial and experimental study). ). It was found from 7 articles that using aloe vera topical the treatment of burns can help the wound healing process faster. Aloe vera has superior healing benefits compared to other alternative medicines, seen from a faster healing time and has the ability to relieve signs of inflammation in burns.

Keyword: Aloe vera and second degree burns

Abstrak. Luka bakar merupakan suatu kerusakan kulit tubuh yang disebabkan oleh trauma panas dan trauma dingin (frost bite) dengan insidensi yang meningkat setiap tahunnya. Salah satu pengobatan yang digunakan dalam penyembuhan luka bakar yaitu silver sulfadiazine, obat ini diduga memiliki beberapa efek samping yang merugikan. Tanaman aloe vera dikenal sebagai tanaman yang banyak manfaat salah satunya adalah  membantu dalam proses penyembuhan luka. Tujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh gel aloe vera terhadap penyembuhan luka bakar derajat II. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah scoping review, dengan bahan penelitian artikel dari jurnal internasional dan nasional yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan ekslusi. Artikel ini kemudian diseleksi menggunakan kriteria kelayakan yaitu metode PICOS dengan mempertimbangkan Population (luka bakar derajat II),  Intervention (pemberian aloe vera topikal), Comparison ( pemberian pengobatan lain atau tidak diberikan pengobatan), Outcome (penyembuhan luka), Study (Randomized control trial dan studi ekperimental). Didapatkan  dari 7 artikel yang menyatakan bahwa penggunaan aloe vera topikal pada pengobatan  luka bakar, dapat membantu proses penyembuhan luka lebih cepat. Aloe vera memiliki manfaat penyembuhan yang unggul dibandingkan dengan obat alternatif lain, dilihat dari waktu penyembuhan yang lebih cepat  serta memiliki kemampuan dalam meringankan tanda-tanda inflamasi pada luka bakar.

Kata Kunci: aloe vera dan luka bakar derajat II


Keywords


aloe vera dan luka bakar derajat II

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29313/kedokteran.v7i1.26741

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