Gambaran Karakteristik Pasien Corpus Alienum Kornea pada Pekerja di RSUD Al-Ihsan Periode Tahun 2018-2019

Mayda Nugraha Pertiwi, R Anita Indriyanti, Djonny Djuarsa

Abstract


Abstract. The cornea is an organ in the eye that is often involved in trauma that occurs on the face and ocular. Corpus alienum or foreign body in the cornea is the second most common form of ocular trauma after corneal abrasion. The purpose of this study was to find out the characteristic description of corneal corpus alienum in workers. The method is descriptive observational with cross sectional approach. The study subjects were workers diagnosed with corneal corpus alienum at Al-Ihsan Hospital in period 2018-2019. The study variables are the number of corneal corpus alienum, age, sex, occupation, type of foreign body, position of the affected eye, symptoms and treatment given are taken from medical records. The results showed the most frequent incidents in labor workers as many as 22 people, in male as many as 63 people (98.4%), with the most common age group of 36-45 years as many as 21 people (32.81%). The most common eyes affected were left eye as many as 38 people (57.57%) with most types of foreign objects is iron powder/gram of iron as much as 34 people (53.12%). The main symptoms felt are the presence of iron powder that enters the eyes as many as 26 people (55.31%), and for the most accompanying symptoms are blurred vision as many as 33 people (50%). Based on the therapy given, the most common combination of therapies given are the extraction of corpus alienum cornea, antibiotic drops ofloxacin (Floxa), and eyefresh as many as 39 people (60.93%).

Keywords: corpus alienum, cornea, foreign object, ocular trauma, characteristic

Abstrak. Kornea merupakan organ pada mata yang sering terlibat dalam trauma yang terjadi pada wajah dan okular. Corpus alienum atau benda asing pada kornea merupakan bentuk trauma okular yang paling umum kedua setelah abrasi kornea. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui gambaran karakteristik pasien corpus alienum kornea pada pekerja. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observational deskriptif dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Subjek penelitian yaitu pasien yang merupakan pekerja yang terdiagnosis corpus alienum kornea di RSUD Al-Ihsan pada periode tahun 2018-2019. Variabel penelitian berupa jumlah kejadian corpus alienum kornea, usia, jenis kelamin, pekerjaan, jenis benda asing, posisi mata yang terkena, gejala dan pengobatan yang diberikan yang diambil dari rekam medik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan kejadian paling sering adalah pada  buruh sebanyak 22 orang, laki-laki sebanyak 63 orang (98.4%), dengan rentang usia paling sering terjadi pada kelompok usia 36-45 tahun sebanyak 21 orang (32.81%). Sebagian besar posisi mata yang terkena adalah mata kiri sebanyak 38 orang (57.57%) dengan jenis benda asing paling sering adalah serbuk besi/gram besi sebanyak 34 orang (53.12%). Gejala utama yang dirasakan pasien adalahadanya serbuk besi yang masuk ke mata sebanyak 26 orang (55.31%), dan untuk gejala penyerta terbanyak yaitu penglihatan buram sebanyak 33 orang (50%). Berdasarkan terapi yang diberikan, kombinasi terapi yang paling sering diberikan pada pasien adalah ekstraksi corpus alienum kornea, antibiotik tetes ofloxasin (Floxa), dan eyefresh sebanyak 39 orang (60.93%).

Kata Kunci: corpus alienum kornea, benda asing, trauma okular, karakteristik


Keywords


corpus alienum kornea, benda asing, trauma okular, karakteristik

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29313/kedokteran.v7i1.26632

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