Hubungan Shift Kerja dengan Kualitas Tidur pada Pekerja Perusahaan Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) tahun 2020

Adlina Afifah, Ismawati Ismawati, Siska Nia Irasanti

Abstract


Abstract. Shift work is shared among workers. Irregular and prolonged shift systems can affect workers' health and productivity. In particular, shift work is known to be a workplace hazard. It may cause poor sleep quality, which can impact adversely on the health and safety of workers. This study aims to analyze the relationship between shift work and sleep quality in employees of the Fast Moving Consumer Goods Karawang companies. This study is an analytical study with a cross-sectional design on 57 workers through the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire. The data were taken using a purposive sampling technique on FMCG Karawang companies in 2020. The data obtained were carried out by statistical tests using the Chi-Square test. The research results show that good sleep quality is mostly found in workers with morning shifts as many as seven people (36.8%), and poor sleep quality is mostly found in workers with night shifts as many as 18 people (94.7%). The analysis results showed a relationship between shift work and sleep quality in workers at FMCG Karawang companies (p = 0.023). The research results' conclusions indicate a significant relationship between shift work and sleep quality.

Keywords: shift work, sleep quality, PSQI, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index

Abstrak. Shift kerja merupakan hal yang umum di antara para pekerja. Sistem shift yang tidak teratur dan berkepanjangan dapat memengaruhi kesehatan pekerja dan produktivitasnya. Secara khusus, shift kerja dikenal sebagai hazard di tempat kerja karena dapat memengaruhi kualitas tidur pekerja. Kualitas tidur yang buruk akan berdampak buruk juga pada kesehatan dan keselamatan pekerja. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan shift kerja dengan kualitas tidur pada pekerja di perusahaan Fast Moving Consumer Goods Karawang. Penelitian ini bersifat analitik dengan studi cross sectional pada 57 pekerja dengan menggunakan kuesioner Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Data diambil dengan menggunakan teknik purposive sampling pada pekerja di perusahaan FMCG Karawang tahun 2020. Data yang didapat dilakukan uji statistika dengan menggunakan uji Chi Square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, kualitas tidur baik sebagian besar terdapat pada pekerja dengan shift pagi sebanyak 7 orang (36.8%) dan kualitas tidur buruk sebagian besar terdapat pada pekerja dengan shift malam sebanyak 18 orang (94.7%).  Hasil analisis didapatkan adanya hubungan antara shift kerja dengan kualitas tidur pada pekerja di salah satu perusahaan FMCG Karawang (P = 0,023). Simpulan hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat adanya hubungan yang signifikan antara shift kerja dengan kualitas tidur.

Kata kunci: shift kerja, kualitas tidur, PSQI, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index


Keywords


shift kerja, kualitas tidur, PSQI, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29313/kedokteran.v7i1.26625

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