Perbedaan antara Usia Jantung dan Usia Aktual pada Anggota Keluarga Penderita Penyakit Arteri Koroner (PAK)

Forestiera Qadriq Indikurnia, Wedi Iskandar, Mohammad Rizki Akbar

Abstract


Abstract. Cardiovascular age represents the age of the cardiovascular system based on the cardiovascular risk factor profile. This study aims to see the difference between heart age and actual age in family members with coronary artery disease (CAD) in cardiaology clinic Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital. The research method was descriptive observational, subject selected using convenience sampling. The research was done at the Cardiology Clinic, Gedung Anggrek, Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital in November 2020. Primary data was anthropometric and hemodynamic measurements, and questionnaire form related to cardiovascular disease risk factors which were then processed using the NYC Heart Age Calculator. T dependent analysis showed a significant difference between heart age and actual age with a value of p = 0.000 (95% CI -15.252 ─ -8.758, p ≤ 0.05). From 40 subjects, 38 subjects had a heart age higher than the actual age due to having risk factors for CAD besides family history such as BMI ≥25 kg/ , history of smoking, hypertension and history of diabetes. Two subjects with a heart age lower than the actual age had only one risk factor for CAD, which is family history. Conclusion, there is a significant difference between heart age and actual age of family members with CAD in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital. The heart age of family members with coronary arteries was 12 years higher on average than the actual age.

Key Words: Actual age, coronary artery disease, heart age

Abstrak. Usia jantung mewakili usia sistem kardiovaskular berdasarkan profil faktor risiko kardiovaskular. Penelitian bertujuan untuk melihat perbedaan antara usia jantung dan usia aktual pada anggota keluarga penderita penyakit arteri koroner (PAK) di poli jantung RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin. Metode penelitian adalah deskriptif observasional dengan pemilihan subjek convenience sampling. Penelitian dilakukan di Poli Jantung Gedung Anggrek RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin pada bulan November 2020. Data primer berupa pengukuran antropometri dan hemodinamik, serta pengisian kuesioner terkait faktor risiko penyakit kardiovaskular yang kemudian diolah menggunakan NYC Heart Age Calculator. Analisis T dependent menunjukan perbedaan bermakna antara usia jantung dan usia aktual dengan nilai p = 0,000 (95% CI -15.252 ─ -8,758, p ≤ 0,05). Dari 40 subjek, 38 subjek memiliki usia jantung lebih tinggi dari usia aktual dikarenakan memiliki faktor risiko PAK selain riwayat keluarga seperti IMT ≥25 kg/m2, riwayat merokok, hipertensi dan riwayat diabetes. Dua subjek dengan usia jantung yang lebih rendah dari usia aktual dikarenakan hanya memiliki satu faktor risiko PAK yaitu riwayat keluarga. Simpulan penelitian ini terdapat perbedaan yang bermakna antara usia jantung dan usia aktual pada anggota keluarga penderita PAK di RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin. Usia jantung anggota keluarga penderita arteri koroner rata-rata 12 tahun lebih tinggi dibandingkan usia aktual.

Kata kunci: Penyakit arteri koroner, usia aktual, usia jantung


Keywords


Penyakit arteri koroner, usia aktual, usia jantung

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29313/kedokteran.v7i1.26551

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