A Scoping Review : Hubungan antara Konsumsi Kopi terhadap Mood pada Orang Dewasa

Muhamad Hasanudin Nasrullah, Mudjtahid Ahmad Djojosugito, Saleh Trisnadi


Abstract. Coffee (coffea) is the second most traded commodity product after vegetable oil, and is the most consumed beverage product in the world after water. Coffee consumption is synonymous with an increase in energy, where at present the increase in energy is known as central nervous system (CNS) stimulation. Coffee consumption also affects mood, such as increasing alertness, pleasure, concentration, and relaxation are very important for successful performance, safety and work productivity. Research objective: To determine the relationship between coffee consumption and mood in adults. Research method: scoping review by identifying, analyzing and evaluating a scientific paper according to inclusion and exclusion criteria and screening using eligibility criteria (elegible). Research results: Contains descriptions of research articles that have been reviewed (3 articles) which include eligible criteria, the first article results in coffee being more effective than placebo, the second article results in 1 compound in coffee which gives a less than optimal effect if consumed pure without other compounds in coffee, the third article showed that the higher the caffeine, the more significant the effect on mood. Conclusion: All three articles showed positive results between coffee consumption and mood, however in all three studies, caffeine metabolism in the body of all samples was not measured. While everyone's caffeine metabolism is different and may have different effects, genetic factors must also be considered.

Keywords: Caffeine, Coffee, Mood.

Abstrak. Kopi (coffea) merupakan produk komoditas kedua yang paling banyak diperdagangkan setelah minyak nabati, dan menjadi produk minuman yang paling banyak dikonsumsi di dunia setelah air. Konsumsi kopi identik dengan peningkatan energi, dimana pada masa sekarang peningkatan energi itu dikenal dengan stimulasi sistem saraf pusat (SSP). Konsumsi kopi pun berpengaruh pada mood, seperti meningkatkan kewaspadaan, rasa senang, konsentrasi, dan relaksasi sangat penting untuk keberhasilan kinerja, keamanan dan produktivitas kerja. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan antara konsumsi kopi dengan mood pada orang dewasa. Metode a scoping review, dengan bahan penelitian artikel dari jurnal internasional yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi dan memenuhi kriteria kelayakan (eligible). Artikel ini kemudian diseleksi menggunakan diagram PRISMA dengan mempertimbangkan Population orang dewasa yang berumur diatas 16 tahun, intervention konsumsi kopi, comparison tidak ditentukan, outcome mood, dan study observasional. Didapatkan 3 artikel yang memenuhi kriteria eligible yakni artikel pertama hasilnya kopi lebih efektif dari plasebo, artikel kedua hasilnya 1 senyawa dalam kopi memberikan efek yang kurang maksimal jika dikonsumsi murni tanpa senyawa lain yang ada dalam kopi, artikel ketiga hasilnya semakin tinggi kafein maka pengaruh pada mood semakin signifikan. Kesimpulan: Ketiga artikel menunjukan hasil yang positif antara konsumsi kopi terhadap mood, namun pada ketiga penelitian tersebut, metabolisme kafein pada tubuh dari semua sampel tidak diukur. Di mana metabolisme kafein pada setiap orang berbeda dan mungkin menyebabkan efek yang berbeda pula, faktor genetik juga harus dipertimbangkan.

Kata kunci: Kafein, Kopi, Mood.


Kafein, Kopi, Mood.


Chandrasekaran K, Karunasagar D. Determination of trace elements in the Pb-Bi-eutectic system by inductively coupled plasma-quadrupole mass spectrometry after sequential removal of the matrix by precipitation. J Anal At Spectrom. 2014;29(9):1720–5.

Nehlig A. Effects of coffee/caffeine on brain health and disease: What should i tell my patients? Pract Neurol. 2016;16(2):89–95.

Willson C. The clinical toxicology of caffeine: A review and case study. Toxicol Reports [Internet]. 2018;5(April):1140–52. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxrep.2018.11.002

Haque ATME, Mohammed Hashim NB, Binti Ruslan NA, Haque M. Lifestyle diseases and their association with coffee consumption at Ipoh, Malaysia. Res J Pharm Technol. 2015;8(3):285–91.

Singh M. Mood, food and obesity. Front Psychol. 2014;5(AUG):1–35.

Burdan F. Pharmacology of Caffeine: The Main Active Compound of Coffee [Internet]. Coffee in Health and Disease Prevention. Elsevier Inc.; 2015. 823–829 p. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-409517-5.00090-5

McLellan TM, Caldwell JA, Lieberman HR. A review of caffeine’s effects on cognitive, physical and occupational performance. Neurosci Biobehav Rev [Internet]. 2016;71:294–312. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2016.09.001

Louis ED, Meyers JH, Cristal D, Factor-litvak P. Caffeine Consumption in First-Degree Relatives of Essential Tremor Cases : Evidence of Dietary Modification Before Disease Onset. 2018;64–70.

Lire Wachamo H. Review on Health Benefit and Risk of Coffee Consumption. Med Aromat Plants. 2017;06(04).

Temple JL, Bernard C, Lipshultz SE, Czachor JD, Sweeney MM, Temple JL. The Safety of ingested Caffeine : A Comprehensive Review. 2017;8(May):1–19.

de Mejia EG, Ramirez-Mares MV. Impact of caffeine and coffee on our health. Trends Endocrinol Metab [Internet]. 2014;25(10):489–92. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tem.2014.07.003

Sands HR, Downey LA, Wilson RP, Abbott LR, Tysse B, Parrott AC. Mood and Psychomotor Tremor Changes following Acute Caffeine Consumption in Moderate and Minimal Caffeine Consumers. J Caffeine Res. 2015;5(1):42–9.

Rolls ET. Limbic systems for emotion and for memory, but no single limbic system. Cortex [Internet]. 2015;62:119–57. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2013.12.005

Martin EA, Kerns JG. The influence of positive mood on different aspects of cognitive control. Cogn Emot. 2011;25(2):265–79.

Haskell-Ramsay CF, Jackson PA, Forster JS, Dodd FL, Bowerbank SL, Kennedy DO. The acute effects of caffeinated black coffee on cognition and mood in healthy young and older adults. Nutrients. 2018;10(10).

Camfield DA, Silber BY, Scholey AB, Nolidin K, Goh A, Stough C. A randomised placebo-controlled trial to differentiate the acute cognitive and mood effects of chlorogenic acid from decaffeinated coffee. PLoS One. 2013;8(12):1–14.

Irwin C, McCartney D, Khalesi S, Desbrow B. Caffeine content and perceived sensory characteristics of pod coffee: Effects on mood and cognitive performance. Curr Res Nutr Food Sci. 2018;6(2):329–45.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29313/kedokteran.v7i1.26512

Flag Counter