A Scoping Review : Hubungan antara Konsumsi Kopi terhadap Mood pada Orang Dewasa

Muhamad Hasanudin Nasrullah, Mudjtahid Ahmad Djojosugito, Saleh Trisnadi

Abstract


Abstract. Coffee (coffea) is the second most traded commodity product after vegetable oil, and is the most consumed beverage product in the world after water. Coffee consumption is synonymous with an increase in energy, where at present the increase in energy is known as central nervous system (CNS) stimulation. Coffee consumption also affects mood, such as increasing alertness, pleasure, concentration, and relaxation are very important for successful performance, safety and work productivity. Research objective: To determine the relationship between coffee consumption and mood in adults. Research method: scoping review by identifying, analyzing and evaluating a scientific paper according to inclusion and exclusion criteria and screening using eligibility criteria (elegible). Research results: Contains descriptions of research articles that have been reviewed (3 articles) which include eligible criteria, the first article results in coffee being more effective than placebo, the second article results in 1 compound in coffee which gives a less than optimal effect if consumed pure without other compounds in coffee, the third article showed that the higher the caffeine, the more significant the effect on mood. Conclusion: All three articles showed positive results between coffee consumption and mood, however in all three studies, caffeine metabolism in the body of all samples was not measured. While everyone's caffeine metabolism is different and may have different effects, genetic factors must also be considered.

Keywords: Caffeine, Coffee, Mood.

Abstrak. Kopi (coffea) merupakan produk komoditas kedua yang paling banyak diperdagangkan setelah minyak nabati, dan menjadi produk minuman yang paling banyak dikonsumsi di dunia setelah air. Konsumsi kopi identik dengan peningkatan energi, dimana pada masa sekarang peningkatan energi itu dikenal dengan stimulasi sistem saraf pusat (SSP). Konsumsi kopi pun berpengaruh pada mood, seperti meningkatkan kewaspadaan, rasa senang, konsentrasi, dan relaksasi sangat penting untuk keberhasilan kinerja, keamanan dan produktivitas kerja. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan antara konsumsi kopi dengan mood pada orang dewasa. Metode a scoping review, dengan bahan penelitian artikel dari jurnal internasional yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi dan memenuhi kriteria kelayakan (eligible). Artikel ini kemudian diseleksi menggunakan diagram PRISMA dengan mempertimbangkan Population orang dewasa yang berumur diatas 16 tahun, intervention konsumsi kopi, comparison tidak ditentukan, outcome mood, dan study observasional. Didapatkan 3 artikel yang memenuhi kriteria eligible yakni artikel pertama hasilnya kopi lebih efektif dari plasebo, artikel kedua hasilnya 1 senyawa dalam kopi memberikan efek yang kurang maksimal jika dikonsumsi murni tanpa senyawa lain yang ada dalam kopi, artikel ketiga hasilnya semakin tinggi kafein maka pengaruh pada mood semakin signifikan. Kesimpulan: Ketiga artikel menunjukan hasil yang positif antara konsumsi kopi terhadap mood, namun pada ketiga penelitian tersebut, metabolisme kafein pada tubuh dari semua sampel tidak diukur. Di mana metabolisme kafein pada setiap orang berbeda dan mungkin menyebabkan efek yang berbeda pula, faktor genetik juga harus dipertimbangkan.

Kata kunci: Kafein, Kopi, Mood.


Keywords


Kafein, Kopi, Mood.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29313/kedokteran.v7i1.26512

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